Bacteria

Current understanding has just scratched the surface of the deep and complex connections between humans and the diverse microbial communities that cohabitate the human biosphere—in the gut and on the skin, inside buildings, in the soil, and on every surface imaginable. Great strides have been made through discovery-based science. However, in order to design rational hypotheses for new experimental approaches, a better understanding is needed of the specific mechanisms by which the microbiome mediates the health and well-being of individuals and how to exploit this understanding for improved microbiome-based diagnostics and therapeutics.